United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is a sovereign state that consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

The population of the UK is just over 62 million people with a median age of 40 years. Four out of five people live in cities which have a reputation for being ethnically diversified.

Engineering, banking and financial services and life sciences are seen as crucial to UK wealth creation. With climate change high on the UK's agenda there is increasing support for clean technologies. In terms of life sciences, the government is making efforts to better support biotechnology start-ups and are also looking to leverage the UK’s traditional academic strength in medicine and the National Health Service to maintain its position as a leading centre for pharmaceutical research and development.

When it comes to technology, UK consumers are some of the earliest adopters. Citizens are among the best connected for broadband, mobile and digital TV and the UK has seen the fastest growth in smartphone take-up. People in the UK prefer laptops to desktop PCs, watch more internet TV than anyone else and spend more money shopping online than any of our European neighbours.